Supporting material

The Toronto Declaration draws from a rich body of work from human rights, corporate ethics, data science, technology studies, to name a few.

Key literature and initiatives that contributed to the thinking behind and substance of the Declaration include:

Recent resources and initiatives

Since we published the Declaration in May 2018, the human rights and AI canon and conversation has grown considerably, and continues to develop. We have listed some key texts below, many of which borrow from or mention the Toronto Declaration.

Civil society analysis of human rights and AI

Inter-governmental AI governance initiatives

Tech industry approaches to equality and transparency in ML