The Toronto Declaration was led by human rights organization Amnesty International and digital rights group Access Now. We consulted a wide range of experts to create the declaration, and are grateful to the time and knowledge donated by researchers, lawyers, developers, campaigners – and many more.

Lead drafters

Technology and human rights policy specialists from Amnesty International and Access Now wrote the original document, oversaw the collaborative drafting process and coordinated the publication and promotion.

  • Anna Bacciarelli, Amnesty International
  • Joe Westby, Amnesty International
  • Fanny Hidvegi, Access Now
  • Estelle Massé, Access Now
  • Drew Mitnick, Access Now

Steering committee

Machine learning and equality rights experts from civil society and academia helped scope and shape the content and purpose of the Declaration.

  • Boye Adegoke, Paradigm Initiative Nigeria
  • Frederike Kaltheuner, Privacy International
  • Malavika Jayaram, Digital Asia Hub
  • Yasodara Córdova, Researcher and affiliate at Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society
  • Sherif Elsayed-Ali, Amnesty International
  • Solon Barocas, Cornell University
  • William Isaac, Human Rights Data Analysis Group

Drafting day collaborators

Representatives from the technology, civil society and academic sectors attended a one-day meeting on 15 May 2018 at the Toronto offices of Element AI.

The meeting was chaired by Amnesty International and Access Now. The following group of people discussed key points of the Toronto Declaration and co-edited sections of the text. The organizational affiliations below were correct at May 2018.

  • Boye Adegoke – Program Manager, Digital Rights, Paradigm Initiative Nigeria
  • Norberto Andrade – Privacy and Public Policy Manager, Facebook
  • Amar Ashar – Senior Researcher, Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society, Harvard University
  • Anna Bacciarelli – Technology and Human Rights Researcher/Advisor, Amnesty International
  • Philippe Beaudoin – SVP Research Group, Element AI
  • Miranda Bogen – Policy Analyst, Upturn
  • Raheena Dahya – Lawyer (Canada & England)
  • Natasha Duarte – Policy Analyst, Center for Democracy and Technology
  • Tim Engelhardt – Human Rights Officer, United Nations Human Rights Office
  • Sherif Elsayed-Ali – Director of Global Issues, Amnesty International
  • Steven Feldstein – Frank and Bethine Church Chair of Public Affairs and Associate Professor, Boise State University
  • Maryant Fernandez-Perez – Senior Policy Advisor, European Digital Rights (EDRi)
  • Jan Gerlach – Public Policy Manager, Wikimedia Foundation
  • Sam Gregory – Program Director, WITNESS
  • Jim Halloran – Chief Digital Officer, GLAAD
  • John Havens – Executive Director, The IEEE Global Initiative on Ethics of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems
  • Fanny Hidvégi – European Policy Manager, Access Now
  • Joris Van Hoboken – Professor of Law, Vrije Universiteit Brussels and Senior Researcher, The Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam
  • Malavika Jayaram – Executive Director, Digital Hub Asia
  • Mark Latonero – Lead, Data & Human Rights, Data & Society
  • Claire Leibowicz – Program Associate, Partnership on AI (in observer capacity only)
  • Maroussia Levesque – Artificial Intelligence and Human Rights Researcher, Global Affairs Canada
  • Frederike Kaltheuner – Data Exploitation Programme Lead, Privacy International
  • Micaela Mantegna – Lawyer and Researcher, Center for Technology and Society at San Andres University
  • Estelle Massé – Senior Policy Analyst, Access Now
  • Drew Mitnick – Policy Counsel, Access Now
  • Enrique Piracés – Human Rights Technology Program Manager, Center for Human Rights Science, Carnegie Mellon University
  • Rachel Pollack – Associate Programme Specialist, Communication and Information Sector, UNESCO (in observer capacity only)
  • Rashida Richardson – Director of Policy Research, AI Now Institute at New York University
  • Pedro Telles – Governance and Citizen Engagement, Latin America, Omidyar Network
  • Cynthia Wong – Senior Internet Researcher, Human Rights Watch
  • Cath Kent – Project Officer, The Human Rights, Big Data and Technology Project, University of Essex